Diabetes is a disease that interferes with the body’s ability to use and store sugar, which can cause many health problems, including diabetic retinopathy. The clinical hallmarks of DR include increased vascular permeability, leading to edema, and endothelial cell proliferation. High levels of blood sugar can alter the blood flow to the body’s organs, including the eyes. In some cases of diabetic retinopathy, the blood vessels will swell and leak fluid. Diabetic retinopathy—damage to the blood vessels in the retina. Diabetic retinopathy is often symptomless in the early stages. Diabetic retinopathy occurs when there is a weakening or swelling of the tiny blood vessels in the retina of your eye, resulting in blood leakage, the growth of new blood vessels and other changes.
Left untreated, diabetic retinopathy can result in severe visual loss, including blindness. A healthy retina is necessary for good vision. This form usually affects children and young adults and accounts for